American society is polarizing between the haves and the have-nots.
Early childhood intervention can help.
Policy interventions in poor peoples lives should address the fact that they are poor.
As family ideals go, Heckmans model is remarkably unjust.
A small number of studies report positive results for early intervention programs; most do not.
Interventions for adolescents can be inexpensive and efficient.
Programs vary in quality, but any is better than none.
Private entities, not government, should study and expand early childhood interventions.
Dont ignore failing social institutions that compound poor childrens disadvantage.
We need to know the details of successful intervention.
Interventions may impose white, middle-class norms, but that shouldnt stop reformers.
Children at risk belong to all of us; we need to start acting that way.
The right interventions empower people to be what they want to be without forcing them to adopt one way of life over another.