On October 7 Hamas fighters attacked Israel from Gaza, the densely populated Palestinian territory that is home to more than 2 million people and has been under Israeli blockade since 2006. Militants murdered more than 1,000 civilians (some 260 at the Nova Music Festival), wounded 3,400, took some 200 people hostage, and attacked Israeli military targets. The brutality of the attack on civilians has met with widespread revulsion and condemnation.
The Israeli military responded swiftly, cutting off electricity and food supplies to Gaza, imposing a “complete siege,” and launching an air assault that has killed more than 2,500 Palestinians, wounded nearly 10,000, and displaced hundreds of thousands.
The pieces in this week’s reading list—some new, and some from our archive—provide essential context for understanding the roots of the conflict, the extraordinary difficulties in finding a way out, and the profound importance of constructive efforts at a resolution. As the situation evolves, further Boston Review content on the conflict can be found here.